Media body image eating disorders
Does the media (TV, music, etc) cause eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia? A number of factors can contribute to the development of "Eating Disorders" (ED). Contributing factors are identified perfectionism, a society that emphasizes thinness, a family that manifests depression, "family environment", genetics primary predisposing factors (1). Another Eating Disorder (Binge Eating) may have genetic links too (2).
Other factors that my cause eating disorders are, "body dissatisfaction", "negative emotion", "environmental stressor's" (usually the triggering factor), "cognitive distortions" such as obsessive thoughts "personality features" such as a need for control (over oneself or one's body) "inadequate identity formation". Societal pressure to be thin, criticism and meddling by family, biology, and personality traits like enmeshment, dieting, biological contributors, genetic predisposition, personality variables such as perfectionism, dissociation, maturity fears, and "interpersonal distrust", all or some of these contribute to the development of an eating disorders (3).
Though not a necessarily a cause of negative body image parents can influence a teens self image. A recent study said "This study supports the view that young girls are drawn to weight control to improve their self-worth, and that mothers are influential in this regard." (4 ). Fathers also play an important role in their daughters "self-esteem" and "self-concept" and they could play an important role in the prevention of eating disorders(5).
What about cruel and callous remarks made by our peers? Such things have been around forever, so has low self esteem. What can be these remarks impact? Researchers said "The findings suggest that being teased about weight/size while growing up may represent a risk factor for the development of negative body image..."(6 ).
also many people with eating disorders co-occurring psychiatric disorders. Research has shown that these rates can be as high as 80-97% (7 ).
The Brains of people with bulimia nervosa, work differently. The results of this research are preliminary and researchers are unsure what role this brain difference plays with bulimia(8).