The former Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1978, they withdrew in 1989. the government the Soviet installed Mohammed Najibullah was overthrown in 1992. Then the mujahedin came to power this turned into a civil war, in 1996 the Taliban guerrilla group took over (1 ).
The Taliban emerged in south west Afghanistan in 1994. They were close to defeating the last pockets of resistance in North East Afghanistan. Then September 11 2001 attacks on American changed everything. The USA negotiations with the Afghan government mainly on energy pipelines and stopping drug trafficking, and left things at the bottom of the list was the reconstruction of Afghanistan and human rights, ended(2 ). The Taliban was overthrown by US forces, but there more to the Story...
Our support of the mujahedin(3) was total and absolute. Former president Bush Sr, said when he was in office it would be unfair to stop arming mujahedin as long as the soviet union kept sending arms to the mujahedin's enemies(4).
Funding came from some unsavory sources
Bank of Credit Commerce International (BCCI) that was founded by a Pakistani banker and was owned by the ruler of Abu Dhabi. BCCI was a conduit of funding between the USA (CIA) and Afghan rebels, other clients were drug dealers, gun-runners, Manuel Noriega, Ferdinand Marcos, and Saddam Hussein, it also help funnel money for the Iran contra deals (5 ).
BCCI, chairman is former U.S. Defense Secretary Clark Clifford worked with Western and Middle eastern intelligence agencies, even a former administration was tied to this bank(6 ).
It was alleged that the CIA had a close working relationship with BCCI took part in illegal activities at BCCI. The CIA denies it was involved in any illegal activities (7 ).
Robert Gates of the CIA called BCCI "the Bank of Crooks and Criminals,"(8 ).
The US Federal government began to pick up signals that BCCI was involved in drug trafficking as early 1984. Enforcement officials had been repeated lead to different BCCI branch offices as part of differing drug investigations. In the mid 1980s a BCCI official gave an under agent a report of the services BCCI could provide for the heroin trade. A review of DEA record show BCCI was involved in 125 drug cases. All of this was ignored (9 ).
Until the early 1990's when their house of cards came crashing down, soon the world would know about the fraud, the bank was involved with the worlds biggest Ponzi scheme, they would know about drug laundering drug money, and other dirty deals (10 ).
The question is why hadn't things been investigated earlier? Did their friends in high places run interference?