Al-Qaeda's affiliate in Algeria was originally called the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat, a name derived from a fundamentalist branch of Islam. Founded in 1998, six years after the outbreak of a civil war that has killed an estimated 200,000 Algerians. The group's stated mission was to topple the military- backed government and transform Algeria into a theocracy. Despite pledges to avoid civilian targets, the Algerian Salafists experienced a steady erosion in popular support and saw their ranks dwindle to fewer than 1,000 fighters, according to Algerian officials. In September 2004, the movement chose a new leader, Abdelmalek Droukdel, a 33-year-old reputed master bomb maker (1 ).
Salafism is a branch of Islam, and is considered a fringe group . Its goal is to restore the Muslim empire across the Middle East and into Spain. Some Salafis advocate violence, to achieve their goal (2 ).
In a videotape released by Al Qaeda Sept. 11, 2006, Osama bin Laden's second-in-command Ayman al-Zawahiri announced that "the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat has joined the Al Qaeda organization ... may this be a bone in the throat of American and French crusaders, and their allies, and sow fear in the hearts of French traitors and sons of apostates.". They are also known by the French acronym GSPC (3 ).
A blunder by an Al Qaeda affiliate in Algeria caused a Qaeda base of operations to be closed and killed 40 operatives. The blunder happened in eastern Algeria in the Tizi Ouzou mountains province. This happened when an experiment with unconventional weapons went awry (4 ).
The group that was part of the accident was AQLIM, was known as the Salfist Group of Call and Combat. It is believed that the accident after a misshape with a biological agent. The agent is believed to be the plague(5 ).
In Early 2010 Al-Qaeda launched a recruitment drive or university students in Algeria, web sites said "We appeal to undergraduates, chemists, doctors and IT specialists to join our ranks," and "Remember the massacres that take place every day in Palestine, in Cechyna, Iraq and Afghanistan,". 80 percent of Al-Qaeda youths in Algeria do not have a highschool diploma (6 ).
A group of Berber's in Algeria called the Kabyles, could be used to help counter al Qaeda and other Islamic extremists. The Kabyles have been pursuing self rule, they support democracy and like the US. a Senior Fellow at the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies in Washington Walid Phares said "al Qaeda and the Salafists have strong bases in Algeria, and the Kabyles resist them fiercely so we have a strategic interest in helping them, but without crumbling our good relations with the Algerian secular Government." (7 ).
France admitted it use Algeria as a place for radiation on humans in the early 1960's. It deliberately sent troops into an immediately after a Nuclear blast(8 ). It should be noted radiation or an increase in it doesn't discriminate, it very likely the residents of the blast area also were put at risk