Health and psychological
One third of students are involved in bullying either as perpetrator or victim. Symptoms of bullying can be ulcers and eating disorders. 160,000 children stay at home everyday every day because of fear of intimidation. Dr. David Fassler a child and adolescent psychiatrist at the University of Vermont said about bullies themselves "to engage in bullying with the goal of making the other person suffer or to be controlling or dominating --- most of these kids have significant emotional problems."(1 ).
Other symptoms of bullying include depression in primary school children, anxiety, a fear of going to school, low self esteem. People who are bullied are found to be more likely to wet there bed, have difficulty sleeping, have headaches and abdominal pain "Depression and severe suicidal ideation are strongly linked to being bullied or to acting as a bully. Even an infrequent involvement in bulling (being bullied or being a bully) increases the likelihood of severe suicidal ideation in dependent of depression." People who are bullied can be more introverted, less assertive and over involved in their families. Being a bully has been associated with juvenile delinquency, alcohol misuse, violence in the adulthood and criminal behavior(2).
Sixty percent of children who were classified as bullies by the sixth to nine grade have been convicted of at least one crime by the age 24. forty percent have been convicted of three or more by the age 24(3 ).
Children who are bullied are five times more likely to be depressed. Students who are bully at least once over the past were more likely to have thought of or attempted suicide. Students who experience violence are less likely to be successful in school (4 ).
Research has shown victims of bullying have an increased risk of developing PTSD ( post-traumatic stress disorder)(5 ).