CACI International Inc. is based in Arlington and its company's Chief executive is J.P. "Jack" London. It is one of the few companies that do classified work for the government, and was founded in the 1960's by Herbert W. Karr and Harry M. Markowitz. Markowitz won a Nobel prize for economics in 1990 for his work in Stock portfolio diversification. The company just started picking up contracts for interrogation (1 ).
The scandal of prisoner Iraqi abuse made headlines. An investigation of prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib Caci employees he humiliation of the prisoners. Caci supplied the interrogators a Abu Ghraib prison. The employees may not face criminal charges because their actions happened out side the US, and also they aren't military (2 ).
Military police at Abu Ghraib believed their Prisoner abuse was sanctioned or it was ordered by intelligence officers and civilian contractors. The Army Criminal Investigation Command (CID), and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) are showed in the infamous photos of that location taken in 2003 (3 ).
Two reports one by the Pentagon and the other by the Army the abuse at Abu Ghraib wasn't the acts of a few bad apples. The "brutality and purposeless sadism" extended beyond the horrors shown in the night shift photos(4).
In was reported in 2009 that the US military were made "scapegoats" for the former Bush (Jr) Admins policy of interrogations. Col. Janis Karpinski said "from the beginning, I've been saying these soldiers did not design these techniques on their own." And noted that service personnel "were following orders.". Col. Janis Karpinski was in the group of eleven soldiers and five officers convicted for these incidents (5 ).
US Senate report concurs, panel chair Senator Carl Levin (D) Michigan said the report "represents a condemnation of both the Bush administration's interrogation policies" and top officials try to shift blame abuse to low-ranking soldiers," (6 ).
A US District court in a two to one ruling declared that CACI has immunity from prosecution because they were under US military authority, Judge Laurence H. Silberman said "During wartime," and continued "where a private service contractor is integrated into combatant activities over which the military retains command authority, a tort claim arising out of the contractor's engagement in such activities shall be preempted." (7 ). So it appears private contractors can torture.