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1. Riots, Urban The Oxford Companion to United States History Paul S. Boyer

2. Rioting in America Paul A. Gilje; Indiana University Press, 1996. Page 183

3. "American Mobbing, 1828-1861: Toward Civil War" David Grimsted; Oxford University Press, 1998 Page 4

4. "Uncivil union: The Civil War draft riots of 1863 were a study in the pains that came with producing a nation of disparate people" Chicago Sun-Times, February 19, 2006, Roger K. Miller

5. "John E. Wool and the New York City draft riots of 1863: a reassessment." Civil War History, December 1, 2003, Hauptman, Laurence M

6. "In the midst of strange and terrible times: the New York city draft riots of 1863.", Social Education, January 1, 2005 Cruz, Barbara C.; Patterson, Jennifer Marques

7."Haymarket Square riot",The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition

8. "Firearm deaths, gun availability, and legal regulatory changes: suggestions from the data."(Chicago) Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology March 22, 2002, Weaver, Greg S.

9. "The American West Transformed: The Impact of the Second World War" Gerald D. Nash; Indiana University Press, 1985 page 65

10. "The American West Transformed: The Impact of the Second World War" Gerald D. Nash; Indiana University Press, 1985 page 93