1800's slavery real, imagined, defined
White Slavery is a term, which was borrowed from the labor movement that described low wages and miserable work conditions. The new use of this term began in the early 1900's and it was used to describe the concept of women who had been coerced into prostitution. By 1910 to 1913 concern over "white slavery " reached hysterical proportions. It unclear how many prostitutes had been victims of "white Slavery", but what is clear as with all hysteria based movements the people who were supposed to be helped weren't (1 ).
Current day slavery
America is rapidly approaching the hundred year mark, of the white slavery scare. And over 140 years of a war whose outcome was the abolishment of Slavery. We still have forced and or coerced labor for all intents and purposes it is slavery.
Author of Disposable People, Dr. Kevin Bales said about human trafficking "is not about owning people in the traditional sense of the old slavery, but about controlling them completely. People become completely disposable tools for making money."(2 ).
The United Nations trafficking protocol defines a trafficked person as someone who is transferred or transported across national and international borders, by means of threat or coercion, for the purposes of economic exploitation in prostitution, forced labor, or the removal of organs (3 ).
Numbers of victims
There are no absolute numbers, its believed twice as many people are living in moderns slavery as compared to the trans Atlantic slave trade period over a hundred year ago (4 ).
From 600,000 to 800,000 people are trafficked across international borders a year, its also believed about two thirds are used for sexual slavery (5 ).
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) chief Antonio Maria Costa said, "According to the statistics, about 80 percent of these crimes are concentrated on sexual exploitation," but warned "But I warn you. This may be an optical illusion in the sense that it is the most commonly reported [crime], it is the most commonly visible [crime], and it is especially visible in rich countries -- Europe, if you wish, [and] North America."(6 ).
The number are uncertain and better account methods are need to ascertain the scope of the problem. The US GAO said "The accuracy of the estimates is in doubt because of methodological weaknesses, gaps in data, and numerical discrepancies. For example, the U.S. government’s estimate was developed by one person who did not document all of his work, so the estimate may not be replicable, casting doubt on its reliability. Moreover, the quality of existing country level data varies due to limited availability, reliability, and comparability. There is also a considerable discrepancy between the numbers of observed and estimated victims of human trafficking. The U.S. government has not yet established an effective mechanism for estimating the number of victims or for conducting ongoing analysis of trafficking related data that resides within various government agencies." (7 ).
The numbers are also need because different types of Trafficking may require different solutions.
Some estimates that say as many four million women and children are Trafficked across international borders to work in the sex industry each year. The number of children trafficked across international borders could be 50 percent or more of this number (8 ).