Land of the free
A 2008 US State Department report on human trafficking said between six to eight hundred people are trafficked into Canada a year. Another 1,500 to 2000 are trafficked into Canada on there way to the US (9 ).
A US AG report said Texas is an entry point for human traffickers and nearly 20 percent of all victims who enter the US travel through the state on interstate 10(10 ).
A customs agent explained the economics of Sex Slavery, "An ounce of cocaine wholesale [costs] $1,200, but you can only sell it once. A woman or a child, [costs] $50 to $1,000, but you can sell them each day, every day, over and over and over again. The markup is immeasurable." (11 ).
Human Trafficking is believed to the third largest illegal enterprise following weapons and drugs. The earnings are in the billions, research by Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok showed 3.2 billion (this is for prostitution in Germany and Japan only). Trafficking into the USA earns 2.5 billion a year (12 ).
The United Nations International Labour Organization (ILO) Director-General Juan Somavia said in 2009 "Forced labor is the antithesis of decent work," and "It is the vulnerable who suffer the most". This in a release of a report done by the ILO that estimated that exploited workers lose 20 billion a year. An author of the report Roger Plant, said "Eighty percent of forced labor is in the private economy, but this is very, very rarely been prosecuted, if at all in most countries," (13 ).
getting the Chattel
Human Traffickers use force, fraud or coercion to obtain slaves (14 ).
During the 1990's Africa Watch reported that in the Sudan evidence of Kidnapping and Hostage taking and other financial dealings involving human beings was "on a sufficiently serious scale as to represent a resurgence of slavery."A report released by Rep. Frank Wolf (R-Va.) showed that the Sudanese troops where involved with involved in massacres, kidnapping and the transporting of African Sudanese to Libya. An American Priest Rev. Bob Knipe who worked in Sudan said "There's a market for young slaves," Knipe said, "and we're talking about under $100 a head."(15).
Other countries that have evidence of Slave trade are including Saudi Arabia, Mauritania and Sierra Leone. In 1987 A British Organization called Anti-Slavery Society, figured that Arabs enslaved 7,000 African women and children (16 ).