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80% of trafficking victims are women and children (17 ).

Traffickers use a range of techniques to entrap victims, from kidnapping or drugging unsuspecting victims, to lying about non-existent restaurant or babysitting jobs, to using lovers, even spouses, in order to bring a victim into slavery (18 ).

“Often times these people, the victims of the human trafficking are being held against their will because of this coercion. They actually physically could walk out of the place they’re in and run down to local law enforcement. Because of their fear of law enforcement and their difficulty with dealing with the language barrier, they often end up not coming forward until they’ve been a victim for too long.”Brandon Simpson from the FBI in Hawaii (19 ).

The victims of trafficking often come from poorer areas where opportunities are limited. They are promised good jobs or educational opportunities or they are kidnaped, orphaned and sometimes sold by there own families. The organizational structure of traffickers can range from large criminal organizations like the ones in Russia, Eastern Europe, Hong Kong, Japan, and Colombia. But most often it is done by smaller networks of traffickers(20 ).


The Geneva-based International Organization for Migration (IOM)held a the three day workshop on human trafficking in Kabul Afghanistan. Children are trafficked for beggars or as bonded labor in the brick kiln and carpet making industries. Girls and women are sold or forced into marriages, or prostitution. People can also be trafficked for the illegal drug trade (21 ).

A prevalent forms of slavery involves trafficking women into the country for sexual purposes. For these traffickers, business is booming. According to the INS, over 250 brothels in 26 different cities likely involve trafficking victims. The CIA report estimates that some crime syndicates have made as much as $8 million in recent years pimping trafficked women (22 ).

In Africa Tens of thousands of children are recruited to work as domestic servants each year. They are on call 24 hours a day and are often beaten for making mistakes. The US State Department found that children are trafficked for domestic servants in at least 33 of the 53 countries on the African continent. A example is the Moroccan government found 15,000 girls under 15 working as maids in Casablanca (23 ).

90 percent of America's Tomato's between December and may come from Immokalee in the Southern part of Florida. Because of this it has an extremely large population of farm workers. It also is "ground zero for modern slavery." According to Douglas Molloy, the chief assistant U.S. attorney based in Fort Myers, Florida (24 ).

A study by the United Nations and the Council of Europe an international convention is needed to address the illegal Trafficking in human organs, tissues and cells. The convention would be designed to help doctors not involved in trafficking , and prosecute traffickers "especially intermediaries and brokers and doctors and medical staff involved in such activities." (25 ).

A few of the countries that have the largest number of victims of human trafficking for Organ transplant are China, Moldova, India, Pakistan, Mozambique and Kosovo. These organs benefit people in regions like Western Europe, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States. It is estimated that 5 to ten percent of the kidney transplants are a result of trafficking (26 ).

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Human trafficking, Afghanistan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, United States, US military contractors, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, force, fraud, coercion