Iran's Democratic history
Two Iranian AIDS physicians (brothers Arash and Kamiar Alaei) have been detained since June 2008 on the charges they communicated with an "enemy government." Exact details of this case are unclear and their sentence is pending. This arrest is unconstitutional under the Iranian penal code. Iran is party to International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. This covenant strict legal obligations not to make arbitrary arrest and give detained due process (33 ).
The Iranian HIV doctors were convicted and sentence to an Iranian prison. The trial was shrouded in mystery what is known is they to six and three years for an alleged attempt to overthrow the Iranian government. Two others were also convicted along with the doctors (34 ).
What is know now is the communication alleged was both doctors were part of a four person alleged cell, the cells purpose was to overthrow the Iranian government. The US State Department releases a statement saying the charges are "baseless" and "In the past, Iran has used similar charges to falsely accuse and detain civil society activists and Iranians working to enhance understanding between our two countries,". in 2006 the brothers took part in the first ever cultural exchange between Iran and the USA. They and a group of other doctors from Iran visited the USA (35 ).
a former Miss North Dakota and freelance journalist Roxana Saberi has been arrested Iranian officials are saying why, where she is being held or comment on the arrest at all. Her father told the media that his daughter called and said she was being detained in an unknown place he also said "She said that she had bought a bottle of wine and the person that sold it had reported it and then they came and arrested her," (36 ).
The father of Roxana Saberi (Reza Saberi) planned visit and said "I'm hoping if she sees us, it will lift her spirits," (37 ). Roxana was freed from Tehran's Evin jail in May of 2009, after she appealed her verdict. Her eight year sentence was reduced to a two year suspended sentence (38 ).
An Iranian blogger (Omid Mir Sayafi) who was imprisoned in Tehran Evin for insulting supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. There was no official release of the cause of his death at the time (39 ).
The 20 something inmate was carried unconscious from his cell that is known for political prisoners by a fellow inmate Dr. Hessam Firouzi, who believed he would have survived if he had received proper medical care. He was taken to a prison doctor, but did not get the medical attention he needed (40 ).
An aid worker for a U.S. Organization was imprisoned for was trying to promote a "Velvet Revolution", administrative assistant Silva Harotonian was sentence to three years for this charge (41 ).
Three Americans accidently crossed over the Iraq border into Iran. Shane Bauer, Sarah Shourd and Josh Fattal were seized by the Iranian government (42 ).
The Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki said in October 2009 that the three who had been held since July of the same year where still being questioned and they could still be charged with a crime. In an interview with Mahmoud Ahmadinejad he said could ask the judiciary to "take a look at the case with maximum leniency." (43 ).
In November 2009 Tehran prosecutor Abbas Jafari Dolatabadi said "The three are charged with espionage. Investigations continue into the three detained Americans in Iran,". To counter this Hillary Clinton said "We believe strongly that there is no evidence to support any charge whatsoever," and . "And we would renew our request on behalf of these three young people and their families that the Iranian government exercise compassion and release them, so they can return home.". In Iran espionage could carry a death Penalty. A web site has been site up to help the hikers (44 ).
A senior Iranian lawmaker said America should not expect the release of the hikers anytime soon. Head of the Iranian parliament's powerful committee on national security and foreign policy Alaeddin Boroujerdi, said the US kept five Iranian diplomats for a long times so it "should not be in a hurry for the release of the three" hikers. (45 ).
Many of the same who stormed the US embassy in the late seventy and held Americans hostage now oppose Islamic Republic that inspired them. Leaders of this action like Massoumeh Ebtekar, Abbas Abdi and Mohsen Mirdamadi are now aligned with the reformist movement. Mirdamadi is now in prison for trying to topple the government (46 ).
The Iranian police said "We are announcing that only anti-American rallies in front of the former American embassy in Tehran are legal. Other gatherings or rallies on Wednesday are illegal and will be strongly confronted by the police," this is the anniversary of the storming of the US embassy. A reformist web site asked people to gather outside the Russian embassy instead, to protest Russian endorsement of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's re-election on June 12 (47 ).
Religious sectarian violence
The group Jundallah (God's Brigade) that is connected to al-Qaida as part of a low level insurgency in southeastern Iran. Part of this blowing up a mosque in southern Iran April 2008 several people were killed (48 ). The group is also linked to the Talban too and its known as a ethnic Baluch Sunni group (49 ).
Iran has claimed that the CIA organized, trained, funded and directed the Jundollah. Former agent CIA and critic, Robert Baer said " that contact, as Iran almost certainly knows, was confined to intelligence-gathering on the country; a relationship with Jundollah was never formalized, and contact was sporadic," (50 ).
Jundallah claims it is fighting for the rights of Sunni Muslims in May of 2008 it also was reported that the group blew up another mosque, killing 15 (51 ).
The group started in 2002 Abdolmalek Rigi its terror campaign began it 2005. Another mosque it blew up was on May 28, 2009 when a suicide bomber walked into largest Shia mosque in Zahedan during prayers and killed 25 and injured 125 (52 ).