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Iraq HistoryIraq, Middle East, oil, Barbary Pirates, Malta, American, Palestine, Egypt, Syria, electoral process, cultural, Ottoman Empire, Kuwait, British, World War I, Monarchy

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The following is a brief history of if the region that is known as Iraq. From the Ottoman Empire to the British Empire, to independence. Kuwait and other things that influence today's Iraq are mentioned for context and background

The country we now know as Iraq was part of the Ottoman Empire, that was based in what is now known as Turkey (1 ).

At the start of World War I the British invaded Iraq as part of their war against the Ottoman Empire (2). At the end of World War I European powers formed what is now Iraq, it had three separate sections Basra, Mosul and Baghada, Kuwait remained separate(3 ).

Britain then declared that it intended to return to Iraq some control of its own affairs. Nationalist elements, impatient over delay in gaining independence, revolted in 1920, but were suppressed by the British (4 ).

Also in 1920 the Treaty of Sevres established Iraq as a mandate, by the League of Nations under British administration. Then in 1921 Iraq was made a kingdom headed by Faisal I. A British Iraq treaty was signed in 1924 that gave Britain veto power over legislation. By 1926 Iraq was a self governing country. In 1932 Iraq was admitted into the League of Nations (5).

Iraq's monarchy was short lives after it gained in dependence from the British (1932) it was overthrown by the Army in 1958 (6 ).

Saddam came to power in 1979 after president Bakr resigned Iraq (7 ).

Kuwait

The area that is now Kuwait was starting to form when several nomadic Anizah tribes from the Arabian Peninsula went to the Persian Gulf. Kuwait was established as an autonomous sheikdom 1756. Then in 1899 Great Britain gave Kuwait's ruling sheik control over foreign affairs. At the start of World War I in the 1914 Great Britain established a protectorate over Kuwait(8 ).

In 1932 Kuwait became a separate Monarchy. But Iraq refused to recognize Kuwait independence until the early 1960's but it never relinquished its territorial interest in Kuwait(9 ).

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Iraq, Middle East, oil, Barbary Pirates, Malta, American, Palestine, Egypt, Syria, electoral process, cultural, Ottoman Empire, Kuwait, British, World War I, Monarchy