Citizens for Health said, virtually all personal health information about every aspect of an individual's life can be used and disclosed routinely without notice, without the individual's consent and against his or her will. A public health worker gave two newspapers a computer disk that had the name of 4,000 names of HIV patients. Computer hackers gained access to thousands computer files at University of Washington Medical Center in 2001. Also about 5,000 confidential medical records where access by hackers at Drexel University College of Medicine(15 ).
A medical benefits management company called "Express Scripts" received a extortion letter threatening to release millions of private records. The letter contained the names, dates of birth and social security numbers of approximately 75 clients. Express Scripts notified the FBI and an internal breach of security has been ruled out(16 ).
A former employee of UCLA Medical Center sold medical information of high profile and celebrity patients to the National Enquirer. She was charged and pled guilt to of violating federal medical privacy law for commercial purposes in U.S. District Court (17 ).
An implantable micro chip that is about the size of a grain of rice is cause for medical privacy concern. Emily Stewart, a policy analyst at the Health Privacy Project said "If privacy protections aren't built in at the outset, there could be harmful consequences for patients,". Even with privacy protection, there is always a risk of hackers bypassing these measures(18 ).
Close to 500,000 Americans might be at risk of medical identity theft and 20,000 complaints have been made to the Federal Trade Commission (19).
In Canada criminals are exploiting weaknesses in government's database, to assume false identities and take advantage Canada health-care system (20 ).
Some corporations who's employees self insure (provide their own health care plans to their workers) draw on their personnel or medical claims for privacy violating information (21 ).