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In Canada criminals are exploiting weaknesses in government's database, to assume false identities and take advantage Canada health-care system (24 ).

An implantable micro chip that is about the size of a grain of rice is cause for medical privacy concern. Emily Stewart, a policy analyst at the Health Privacy Project said "If privacy protections aren't built in at the outset, there could be harmful consequences for patients,". Even with privacy protection, there is always a risk of hackers bypassing these measures(25 ).

Colleges and university have their own health care systems. Assistant director of information security at Eastern Illinois University, Adam Dodge said about the unauthorized release of medical information "One thing that continues to shock me," and continued , "is this unauthorized disclosure of information, information that is just accidentally sent out to people." He says that unauthorized releases of information is twice as likely to be accidental than released by a hacker(26 ).

Third Parties

A clearing house of medical information the Medical Information Bureau (MIB) member companies are required to share any information on a individuals life expectancy. This also includes information like high blood pressure and obesity, and other information that may affect insurability, such as a reckless driving record or participation in hazardous activities(27 ).

Pharmaceutical companies haven gotten personal medical information to discover what medications people are taking, so they can solicited Physicians to prescribe their drugs (28 ).

In 1996 during an average hospital stay a persons medical records are seen by at least 400, according to a Congressional Research Service study. These include employers, insurance companies and government agencies. During this time the health care industry spent 10-15 billion a year on information technology (29 ).

Another concern to medical privacy is outsourcing medical transcription to foreign countries. many of these countries may not have as strict of medical privacy laws as ours (30 ).

Nobody can supply reliable statistics about the volume of work going overseas, but some estimate that 12 percent to 13 percent of medical transcription work is subcontracted from U.S. firms to offshore partners. Elaine Olson, executive director of the Medical Transcription Industry Association said, "Different companies tell you different things," she continued "Nobody wants to tell you what they are really doing."(31 ).

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Medical, Privacy, database, chip, Health, medical, Pharmaceutical, hospital, statistics, transcription