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THE TRIALNuremberg, gas chambers, evidence, Archeologist, Nazi, Death camp, mass graves, dig team, Kurt Gerstein, Jewish

Of the 21 defendants in the Nuremberg trials 10 were hanged, one commited suicide, seven were given long prison sentences, three were acquitted but later sentenced by German denazification courts (1 ).

During the Nuremberg trial the public learned about the gas chambers on 7th-8th, 1946, Major Georg Konrad Morgen gave evidence on behalf of the SS as an indicted organization (2 ).

Digging up the past

Archeologist digging at site of a Nazi Death camp in Sobibor Poland reported finding seven mass graves with an average depth of five meters. In these graves they found both burned and unburned corpses The largest mass grave was 70 by 25 meters. They also unearth 1,800 machine gun cartridges (3 ).

Another Archeologist dig team discovered 33 mass graves and according to British scholar Robin O'Neill "The largest mass graves... contained unburned human remains (parts and pieces of skulls with hair and skin attached). The bottom layer of the graves consisted of several inches of thick black human fat. One grave contained uncrushed human bones so closely packed that the drill could not penetrate," The Largest mass grave was 70 by 20 meters and was dig to accommodate a transport of between 150,000 to 180,000 people (4 ).

One death camp dig was located Belzec. Information about the was given by former SS officers. SS Lt. Kurt Gerstein, Gerstein visited the camp in August 1942 and saw the arrival of a transport with 6,700 Jews of whom 1,450 where dead already, they died during the trip(5 ).

WORKERS at a US Army airfield have uncovered a Second World War grave believed to contain the bodies of Jewish slave labourers used by the Nazis, German authorities said yesterday. The skeletal remains of an undetermined number of people were found on Monday during work on the airfield, next to Stuttgart's airport, said police spokesman Ulrich Heffner. Preliminary examination of the remains indicate that they are of the right age to be the bodies of Jews used as forced labourers in the area (6 ).

After the gassing the victims had women their hair shaved, jewelry removed and dental work removed. Then the bodies would be disposed of. This is relevant due to the next fact(7 ).

Bags of hair were found by allied forces in the death camps of holocaust victims tested positive for hydrogen cyanide (8 ).

Nuremberg, gas chambers, evidence, Archeologist, Nazi, Death camp, mass graves, dig team, Kurt Gerstein, Jewish