CREMATORIUMS/ BODY DISPOSAL
How did the Nazi deal with the fuel needed to dispose of the bodies during the holocaust?
Numerous things effected the fuel consumption of the crematoriums of Auschwitz. Often more than one body was placed in each oven this would reduce the amount of fuel used per body since burning bodies generate a certain amount of energy. There is evidence that the ovens where kept going for extended period of time this too would save on fuel. Coke was not the only fuel used in the ovens of Auschwitz the surrounding wooded area also supplied fuel to the ovens of Auschwitz. The ovens of Auschwitz multiple muffles this increase their efficiency. The difference of fuel use between a double and a triple muffled was a triple used 1 third less fuel Oven Muffles in crematoriums.
Also as with other death camps many times the dead where not cremated many times their bodies where buried in mass graves along with the ash of the dead(2 ).
Along with cremation the Nazi also used bon fires made of corpses to dispose of bodies. The Nazis had tried various method to burn the bodies. Then they called in an expert Herbert Floss. Floss knew bodies burned at different rates. He place the more combustible bodies at the bottom, and added wood to make a pyre. The Nazis discovered saw it was possible to burn 10,000 to 12,000 bodies at once (3 ).
Once the right combination of body types had been discovered Treblinka. Once the bodies had caught fire no more fuel was needed to keep the fire burning(4 ).
At Auschwitz as late as the summer of 1942 the dead were buried in mass graves, towards the end of the summer of 1942 they started burning the bodies, the way it was done at Treblinka. They then went through the task of digging up the mass graves. A total of 107,000 bodies were in these mass graves. By November the mass graves had been emptied (5 ).
Death camps also had upgrades to help dispose of bodies. Sachsenhausen crematorium had a limit of 100 bodies a day the crematoriums were upgraded in 1943. The new limit was 1,000 bodies a day (6 ).