The CIA did not received the documents that alleged yellow caked Uranium sale to Iraq, until after Bush's state of the Union address that mentions it. They received the documents in 2003, nearly a year after they started investigating the claim. The US turned the documents over to United Nations march 7 2003, which quickly determined they were fakes. The UN Security Council was informed of that March 7, two weeks before the invasion. When the claim first arose the CIA sent retired diplomat, Joseph Wilson to investigate in February 2002. They found no credible evidence to back the claim (1 ).
The CIA seemed to be skeptical of the Yellow cake claims from just about the start. They said about the claims lacked "specifics and details and we're unable to corroborate them,". When the US State department published a fact sheet, to poke holes in the Iraq's claim that it didn't have prohibited weapons. The CIA unsuccessfully tried to have the Niger yellow cake claims edit out before it was published(2 ).
But the claim did have true believers, a British report of the claim said "It is accepted by all parties that Iraqi officials visited Niger in 1999," and continued "Since uranium constitutes almost three-quarters of Niger's exports, the intelligence was credible."(3 ).
Al-Qaida is now operating in Niger. Al-Qaida kidnapped two Canadian diplomats. United Nations' special envoy Robert Fowler and assistant Louis Guay were taken near the Niger capital by the al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) that is based in Algeria (4 ).
Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) was known as the Salafist Group for Call and Combat. They have also conducted attacks like the December 11, 2007 attacks on United Nations program headquarters and Algerian Constitutional Council that killed 42 people and injured 158 (5 )
"Throw the bum out" Niger style
President Mamadou Tandja _who was elected in 1999 and 2004 refused to step down after his second term ended (Dec 22 2010). Niger's Constitution has term limits so he could not run again (6 ).
In Feb 2010 a military coupe ended his presidency A military leader, Harouna Djibrilla Adamou, told a crowd "What we did was in the best interest of Niger. We ask you to stay calm, we're here for you, we're listening and we assure you that we will never let you down," (7 ) .