Disciples of the Dragon: The R-13 factor
From 1945-60 HAUC issued 5,000 subpoenas, five times greater then all other committees combined. HAUC also questioned 3,000 witnesses, at two hundred thirty public hearings, Of one hundred eighty seven contempt charges of Congressional committees, one hundred and seventy four came from HAUC. One hundred and forty two failed in the courts. Un-American thoughts included, such as absolute social and racial equality, eradication of private property rights, believing in the abolition abolition of inheritance, belief that the duty of the government was to support the people. Such thoughts though disliked by many Americans, freedom of thought is constitutional.
Among the friendly witnesses called by HUAC was Matthew Cvetic. He finger three hundred as communist or communist sympathizers. Mr Cvetic was later found to be mentally ill. Another witness an FBI informer who proudly boasted he lured his friends and his family into the communist party, then bust them.
HAUC published a report claiming the new left and black liberation movements where prepared to mount an armed insurrection. The report recommended the use of the Smith Internal Security Act's concentration camps provision to temporally imprison those who held unpopular beliefs. When attempting to validate HUAC charges adequate evidence could not be located.
On 1941 Hoover intensified his attack on the NAACP. To satisfy this end, the FBI used one hundred and fifty informers. Eight hundred bugs, and three thousand wired taps. They also obtained NAACP membership and financial records.
In Minneapolis in 1943, 18 members of the Socialist Workers Party where convicted of belonging to a subversive party. In a 1950 decision the Supreme Court ruled that the government should have guidelines for fighting radicalism. This decision led to the banning the writings of Thomas Jefferson from government libraries during a period of time when this ruling was in effect.
After the end of the war (WWII) Attorney General Tom Clark, asked the FBI to an emergency detention program for dissidents. In 1948 26,000 citizens were identified for arrest. Another list was made in 1972 15,000 names for summary arrest. Between March1947 and December 1952 the FBI conducted over six and one half million security investigations on peaceful Americans citizens.
In 1947 the President vetoed the Taft Hartly Act. Congress overrode this veto. Taft Hartly was an act that would control the power of the labor movement.
In 1948 twelve Communist Party members where indicted under the Smith Act of 1940. The Smith Act, also known as the Alien Registration Act.