Disciples of the Dragon: The R-13 factor
The McCarran Internal Security Act of 1950, according to Truman's statement when he vetoed , would put America in the thought control business.
The Landrum-Griffen Act of 1957 lumped together the crimes of robbery, murder, rape, and being a member of the Communist Party equally.
The 1954 Communist Control Act outlawed the communist party. Not to be out done by all this, President Truman started a loyalty program for Federal workers by the issuing of E.O. 9835, resulting in 2,200 Federal employee's being fired, and 4,315 resignations.
To further disrupt the communist party operation Cominfil was to infiltrate the party. Operation Hoodwink turned the mob against organized labor.
In 1947 and 1950 the CIA gave money to the Corsican syndicates who controlled the heroin trade. The money was given in order to break Italian Unions.
Restricting Public access to documents by two Executive Orders. Harry Truman's E.O. 10290 of Sept 25 1951. Extended the military secrecy classification to certain civilian police agencies. These classifications were Top secret-security, Information-secret, Security Information-Confidential, security information restricted.
On November 10 1953 a revised classification system took effect with Dwight D Eisenhower's E.O. 10501. This included only three Top Secret, Secret, and Confidential. The Atomic energy act 1954 added a fourth Restricted Data. The FBI and other Agencies had their own classification system, Strictly Confidential, Sensitive, June, and even Do Not File.
Hoover attempted to provoke La Cosa Nostra to kill Entertainer/Civil rights proponent Dick Gregory. On March 25 1965 in Selma, Alabama Viola Liuzzo, a white mother of three, was killed by a carload of Klans men. FBI informant Gary Thomas Rowe was a member of that group. Rowe was placed in the Witness protection program, even thought evidence points to Rowe as the killer.
In 1964 Congress passed a weak Freedom Of Information Act (FOIA). The act allowed the withholding of documents for national security reasons. FOIA was strengthen in 1974 to include a provision causing an agency to prove the release of information would be a threat to national security.
Nixon's E.O. 11652 of March 8 1972 weaken FOIA by changing the act so that information would not be released that could be reasonable expected to do damage to national security. On June 2 1977 the Justice Department sent out a memo saying the FBI could not exempt information from released documents just to hide illegal activity.