It can't be disputed that Saddam was a tyrant and a mad man. Something else that can't be disputed is the American government knowingly armed this mad man.
An example of his madness is when Ayatollah Khomeini returned to power in Iran, Iraqi Shi'a held pro-Khomeini demonstrations. By 1980 hundreds of pro-Khomeini Iraqis had been executed, thousands had been jailed tens of thousands of Iraqi Shi'a had been forced to cross the border into Iran (1 ).
It's been said we should pay attention to our past. Indeed, Gary Sick Middle East expert on the staff of the National Security Council, "The intelligence reports all said he was a thug and an assassin."(2 ).
Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for International Economic Trade and Security Policy in the Reagan Administration, Stephen Bryen who protested the transfer of technology but was shot down said about Saddam , ''We created this monster,'' he continued ''If you want to know who's to blame for all this, we are, because we let all this stuff go to Iraq." (3 ).
Former President George Bush (GW's father)official explanation of why they helped Saddam was they didn't realize how brutal he really was( 4 ). If he need this information, all he had to do was ask Ronald Reagan when he was President or be informed of the President actions while in the White House and he was the Vice president. President Reagan asked for a conference in Paris in response to the Slaughter of the Kurds (5 ).
A former National Security Council official, Howard Teicher went to Baghdad with Rumsfeld (in the 1980's) said, "Here was the U.S. government coming hat-in-hands to Saddam Hussein and saying, 'We respect you, we respect you. How can we help you? Let us help you.' "(6 ). A court affidavit Howard Teicher who worked as a Middle East and political-military affairs for the NSC between 1982 and 1987, said then CIA director William Casey "personally spearheaded the effort to ensure that Iraq had sufficient military weapons, ammunition and vehicles to avoid losing the Iran-Iraq war." (7 ).
A Nov 1983 memo from Secretary of State George Shultz, said America was aware Saddam was using chemical weapons on "almost daily basis". Another memo dated the same month but from assistant secretary for near Eastern and South Asian affairs said the US should tell Saddam we know about his use of poisonous gas, because it would "avoid unpleasantly surprising Iraq through public positions we may have to take on this issue" ( 8 ).
The Reagan administration favorable leanings towards Iraq after the Iran Iraq war, was based on "securing a significant role for American business" in the reconstruction of Iraq after the war. The American government was fully aware of Iraq chemical and biological weapons program. He had used then against Iran and the Kurds ( 9 ).