Friend of Lincoln David Davis said "Mr Lincoln's whole soul is absorbed in his plan of remunerative emancipation and , and he thinks that if Congress don't fail him, that the problem is solved" Lincoln sent his annual message to Congress in December of 1862 he offered two Constitutional Amendments one offering payments to individual slave holders who were loyal to the Union and freed there slaves. He also returned to his long standing plan to establishing a colony of free American blacks outside the US (3 ).
As late as March 1862 the majority of Republicans in the Senate voted to subsidize the colonization of freemen. Five months later Lincoln called a group of black leaders to the Whitehouse to get their help for colonization. It was argued that racial differences created impossible barriers for citizenship for blacks, it was noted that blacks had suffered terrible injustices at the hands of whites, and the white blood that was being spilled during the civil war. Lincoln want the leaders "to make clear to their people that removal was the only solution." and "Those who refused to leave the country, he continued, were taking "an extremely selfish view of the case." This speech caused Frederick Douglass to criticize the president for "his inconsistencies, his pride of race and blood, his contempt for negroes and his canting hypocrisy.". Even those who deemphasized deportation wanted blacks to have limited Civil rights. A friend and advisor of Lincoln David Davis urged Republican candidates in 1858 to "emphatically disavow negro suffrage, negroes holding office, serving on juries and the like."(4 ).
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued on January 1 1863. this freed all the slaves in the rebelling states free. But did not effect the states that remained loyal to the Union or in areas of the confederacy that had been conquered (5 ).
Many in the north did not welcome fleeing and free men with open arms. In 1862 and 1863 black workers we met with threats and violence Chicago, Cincinnati, and Boston. Violence was also seen in black communities in Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, and New Jersey. During the Draft riots in New York and Detroit, black bystanders at met with violence. Newly arriving black immigrants in New Albany, Indiana, to St. Paul, Minnesota also met with violence(6 ).