Back to Lincoln/Civil war

1. "Honesty about Honest Abe" The Washington Times, February 15, 2004

2. "Lincoln and the Abolitionists" Allen C. Guelzo; The Wilson Quarterly, Vol. 24, Autumn 2000

3. Lincoln and Chief Justice Taney: Slavery, Secession, and the President's War Powers (Hardcover) by James F. Simon 2006 Page 219

4. "Without Consent or Contract: The Rise and Fall of American Slavery" Robert William Fogel; W. W. Norton, 1989 Page 402

5. "Emancipation Proclamation: Encyclopedia The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, 2004 page 15453

6. "Overrun with Free Negroes": Emancipation and War time Migration in the Upper Midwest" Leslie A. Schwalm; Civil War History, Vol. 50, 2004

7. "Contraband, runaways, freemen: new definitions of reconstruction created by the civil war." International Social Science Review, September 22, 2001, Wartman, Michelle

8. "Contraband, runaways, freemen: new definitions of reconstruction created by the civil war." International Social Science Review, September 22, 2001, Wartman, Michelle

9. "Contraband, runaways, freemen: new definitions of reconstruction created by the civil war." International Social Science Review, September 22, 2001, Wartman, Michelle

10. "Contraband, runaways, freemen: new definitions of reconstruction created by the civil war." International Social Science Review, September 22, 2001, Wartman, Michelle

11. "Contraband, runaways, freemen: new definitions of reconstruction created by the civil war." International Social Science Review, September 22, 2001, Wartman, Michelle

12. "Black Troops, White Commanders and Freedmen during the Civil War" Howard C. Westwood; Southern Illinois University Press, 1992. page 86