Scope and effect
Point of origin
The top three countries in Europe for "extraordinary rendition" flights to detention centers are Germany (336), United Kingdom (170), Ireland (147) (1 ).
FBI Officials who visited Guantanamo believed that the torture practiced by the US Department of defense is gratuitous and useless. Director of the CIA Porter Goss said when speaking to a Senate Intelligence Committee on February 16, 2005, that torture "doesn't work. There are better ways to deal with captives."(2 ).
A group of human rights organizations from the University of California at Berkeley released a report called "Guantanamo and Its Aftermath: U.S. Detention and Interrogation Practices and Their Impact on Detainees"(3 ).
The report documented the cruelty at Guantanamo such as "short-shackling, stress positions," as described in the report as "sitting alone in a chair or on the floor for hours, hunched over with their hands and feet short shackled to a metal ring in the floor" and also "prolonged isolation, and exposure to extreme temperatures for extended periods - often simultaneously. On some occasions, these tactics were used in conjunction with sensory bombardment, including extremely loud rock music and strobe lights."(4 ).
Guards often defiled the Koran, to enrage believers. Female interrogators used Islam's prohibitions against sex against detainees. They would strip off their cloths and taunt the detainees. One man tried to protect himself by "ke[eping] my head down, I did not know what was going on.... This lasted for a long time. I was still looking down, I was not looking at her, I did not know if she was completely naked or still in her underwear. But she started to touch me.... And I could hear the laughter of the people who were watching this from behind the mirror, the glass, the one-way window."(5).